- Intrinsic: "Eating a banana is good because food is good"
- Subjective: "Eating this banana is good because I feel like it"
- Objective: "Eating this banana is good for me because it gives me energy, health and enjoyment"
- Intrinsic: "Religion is good because that's the nature of reality as dictated to us by god"
- Subjective: "Religion is good because I feel good whenever I read the bible"
- Objective: "Religion contradicts reason, which is requires for my survival, therefore it's bad"
"There are, in essence, three schools of thought on the nature of the good: the intrinsic, the subjective, and the objective.
The intrinsic theory holds that the good is inherent in certain things or actions as such, regardless of their context and consequences, regardless of any benefit or injury they may cause to the actors and subjects involved. It is a theory that divorces the concept of “good” from beneficiaries, and the concept of “value” from valuer and purpose—claiming that the good is good in, by, and of itself."
- "The elimination of the human genes in the process of evolution is good because this is the nature of the universe, or the will of the universe, if you will"
- "The existence of living things is good" (This implies that something can be good regardless of someone for which it would be good)
- "Having sex before marriage is bad" ("Why? Because god said so" - or "it simply IS")
- "Cutting down plants is bad because it hurts mother earth"
"The subjectivist theory holds that the good bears no relation to the facts of reality, that it is the product of a man’s consciousness, created by his feelings, desires, “intuitions,” or whims, and that it is merely an “arbitrary postulate” or an “emotional commitment.”
The intrinsic theory holds that the good resides in some sort of reality, independent of man’s consciousness; the subjectivist theory holds that the good resides in man’s consciousness, independent of reality."
- "Religion is good because whatever makes the person happy is good for him"
- "What I see as good is not the same as what you see as good, therefore, there is no real concept of "good" or "bad"; In your worldview, a killer is bad, but in his worldview, he is not."
- "Nobody really knows what is good or bad for anyone - it's a matter of individual feeling."
- "I am good because I am me, and every person thinks of himself as good." (implies that a person is good because he wants to be good, not because he has some criterion to judge himself by)
"The objective theory holds that the good is neither an attribute of “things in themselves” nor of man’s emotional states, but an evaluation of the facts of reality by man’s consciousness according to a rational standard of value. (Rational, in this context, means: derived from the facts of reality and validated by a process of reason.) The objective theory holds that the good is an aspect of reality in relation to man—and that it must be discovered, not invented, by man."
- "This medicine is vluable to me because it will cure my illness"
- "I value independent thinking because it allows me to create material good necessary for my life"
- "Listening to this kind of music is good for me because it uplifts my spirit and inspires me to acquire the success I dream of having"
- "Listening to this kind of music is bad for me because it drives me further into despair, despite the fact it provides temporary emotional relief" (a dis-value)
- "This woman is no good for me because she is a liar and a cheat who will end up hurting me" (again a dis-value)